Respiration MCQ Questions and Answers Quiz

21. Inflamation of the lung covering causing severe chest pain is

  1. Emphysema
  2. Pleurisy
  3. Asphyxia
  4. Hypoxia

22. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ( COPD ) includes

  1. Emphysema
  2. Bronchitis
  3. Asthma
  4. All these

23. Most of the Antibiotics against Tb are not effective as the Tubercle bacterium has a resistive covering. One of the following drug is effectively used to control TB

  1. Ethambutol
  2. Streptomycin
  3. Rifampicin
  4. Penicillin

24. Double Bohr effect ( Oxygen curves for maternal and foetal Hb move apart in opposite directions ) occurs in

  1. Foetal circulation
  2. Maternal circulation
  3. In the Placenta operating in both maternal and foetal circulations
  4. In the uterine wall

25. Foetal hemoglobin has a Sigmoid dissociation curve which is shifted to left relative to adult Hb because

  1. Foetal Hb has higher P50
  2. Foetal HB has lower P50 ( 18-20 mm Hg ) than Adult Hb ( 26.6 mm.Hg )
  3. Foetal Hb readily accept Oxygen
  4. Foetal Hb easily remove Carbon dioxide

26. Chloride shift occurs from the plasma to the RBC and is meant for

  1. Formation of Hemoglobinic acid
  2. Formation of Bicarbonates
  3. To keep electrostatic neutrality of RBC menbrane
  4. To transport CO2

27. In Carbon monoxide poisoning, Hemoglobin shows about 250 times greater affinity with CO2 than oxygen and Carbon The immediate remedy is monoxy heamoglobin( COHb ). This causes Oxygen starvation and Asphyxi

  1. Giving pure Oxygen
  2. Dialysis
  3. Giving pure Oxygen – Carbon dioxide mixture
  4. Transfusing blood

28. The Pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium lining the trachea is composed of

  1. Goblet cells
  2. Macrophages
  3. Fibroblast
  4. All these

29. Respiratory alkalosis is the increase in blood Ph and can be treated using the drug Acetazolamide which blocks Carbonic anhydrase enzyme. The main cause of Respiratory alkalosis is

  1. Hypoventilation
  2. Hyperventilation
  3. Low Carbon dioxide level
  4. High HB content

30. Methamoglobin is the oxidized form of Hemoglobin that can not deliver oxygen and has a Bluish colour thatimpart a Cyanotic hue to tissues. It appears when

  1. In the genetic deficiency of Glucose – 6 phosphate dehydrogenase
  2. At the time of Asphyxiation
  3. At the time of Diving
  4. Both a and b

MCQ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers on Respiration

Respiration Question and Answer